The beatitudes as Jesus’ sermon notes has a set of 4 in Matthew 5 and 4 in Matthew 6. Matthew 5:48 says to grow up, to be telos like the Father, and Matthew 6:1 says to do that by not doing your good works for appearances.
Alms, prayer and fasting are the traditional three religious acts which are then described, comparing the hypocritical way to do things and the right way:
Alms: 6:2-4 expounds on “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.”
Prayer: 6:5-15 expounds on “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.”
Fasting: 6:16-18 expounds on “Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted.”
Matthew 6:19-24 expounds on “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.” This is focused on our perception of value, which prompts the others. In fact, the sequence in this chapter is counting backward.
Chapter 5 is Treasure > put off > put on > live out –
Chapter 6 is live out < put on < put off < Treasure.
The 2 sides pair up vision and disciplines to emphasize how we grow up in God.
Treasure righteousness from God, put off via fasting, put on via prayer, live out via giving/service. This cycle is similar to what Colossians 3 says:
TREASURE 3:1Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.2 Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things. 3 For you died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God. 4 When Christ, who is your[a] life, appears, then you also will appear with him in glory.
PUT OFF5 Put to death, therefore, whatever belongs to your earthly nature: sexual immorality, impurity, lust, evil desires and greed,which is idolatry. 6 Because of these, the wrath of God is coming.[b] 7 You used to walk in these ways, in the life you once lived. 8 But now you must also rid yourselves of all such things as these: anger, rage, malice, slander, and filthy language from your lips. 9 Do not lie to each other, since you have taken off your old self with its practices 10 and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge in the image of its Creator. 11 Here there is no Gentile or Jew, circumcised or uncircumcised,barbarian, Scythian, slave or free, but Christ is all, and is in all.
PUT ON12 Therefore, as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience. 13 Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you. 14 And over all these virtues put on love, which binds them all together in perfect unity.
LIVE OUT15 Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, since as members of one body you were called to peace. And be thankful. 16 Let the message of Christ dwell among you richly as you teach and admonish one another with all wisdom through psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit, singing to God with gratitude in your hearts. 17 And whatever you do, whether in word or deed, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.